The history of Prague dates all the way back to 870 AD when Bořivoj, Duke of Bohemia, put down the foundation of Prague Castle. During 894, Prague became the jewel in the Czech crown. This was by becoming both the seat of Bohemia and of the Premyslid Princes. Over the following centuries the city was continuously growing, gradually becoming a bustling trade town. In the first half of the 11th century, another Castle, with the name of Vysehrad was built on the opposite bank of the river Vltava.
The Middle Ages
In 1172 a stone bridge was built across the river. Now with the two parts were as one, Prague was able to further flourish. Later in the 13th century, the Old Town and the Little Quarter gradually evolve. During this period some of todays most famous buildings and architecture saw development. The city then continues it’s rapid development during the 14th century. Charles University, the New Town, Charles Bridge, St. Vitus’ Cathedral, and the Slavonic Abbey were all in construction over the period of a few hundred years.
More Recent History
Moving forward to the more modern history of Prague, on 15th March 1939, Hitler’s armies occupied the city. These were dark times for its Jewish population who faced suffering and death. At the end of the Second World War Nazism was replaced with Communism. Later the Prague Uprising and it’s subsequent crushing by Soviet forces were to mark an important part of the city’s history. Prague’s suffering was until 1989 when it finally was able to escape from the grip of the Soviet Union in the Velvet Revolution. Vaclav Havel was the first president from free elections. Then in 1993 the country became the Czech Republic after splitting with Slovakia. By joining the European Union in 2004, it finally entered into the modern Euro-centric era of its history.