Prague is an old city – it’s history dates all the way back to 870 AD with the founding of Prague Castle by Bořivoj – and after 894, it cemented itself as the jewel in the Czech crown, by becoming the seat of Bohemia and the Premyslid Princes (Premyslovci). Over the next several hundred years, the city grew to be a bustling trade town and, eventually, another Castle – known as Vysehrad – was built on the opposite bank of the river in the first half of the 11th century.
The city didn’t start to become one until a stone bridge was built across the water in 1172 after which Prague further flourished. Then, as the 13th century rolled around, the Old Town and the Little Quarter were slowly developed, and some of the buildings and architecture famous today came to life.
Despite a set of ruling disputes from the 14th century onwards, the city continued to develop at a startling pace, with Charles University, New Town, Charles Bridge, St. Vitus’ Cathedral, and the Slavonic Abbey all being built within a period of a few hundred years.
Moving forward to more modern history, on 15th March 1939, Hitler’s armies occupied Prague, ushering in a dark time for the city, and in particular, its Jewish population who faced persecution and death. The Prague Uprising at the end of the war was an important part of the city’s history, but soon Nazism was replaced with Communism, and the city continued to suffer until 1989 when it finally liberated itself of the Soviet Union in the Purple Revolution.
It’s first democratically elected president came soon after and in 1993, it became the Czech Republic, after splitting with Slovakia. It then joined the EU in 2004, finally ushering in a modern Eurocentric era in its history.